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Thickening

Thickening processes are those which concentrate the sludge by removing part of the free water, i.e. the water not associated with the sludge particles or flocs. In doing so, the finished product retains the liquid, free-flowing characteristics of the feed sludge, so that it can still be conveyed by pumping. Thickening normally increases the dry solids (DS) content to between 4 and 6%.

Thickening related videos

Gravity thickener principles (Indian School of Mines) Source: Himanshu Srivastav / YouTube

Gravity thickener principles (Indian School of Mines)

Video to demonstrate what gravity thickeners and the principles of how they work.

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Thickening features and blogs

PFAS molecule
Blog

How do you solve a problem like PFAS?

PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) are generated from the breakdown of fluorinated polymers. The activation barrier for their breakdown is huge and the only fully commercialised processes possibly capable of destroying PFAS are thermochemical ones.

Read article

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More process and operation topics…