Sludge treatment − rotary drum thickening
How rotary drum thickening works
Rotary drum thickening increases the sludge solids concentration (i.e. thickens the sludge) by agitating the solids in a slowly-rotating vessel with porous walls though which the water (or filtrate) drains.
A rotary drum thickener (RDT) is based on the same principle as a gravity belt thickener (GBT), in that water drains from the sludge through a retaining porous medium. For an RDT the porous medium is the cylindrical wall of a 0.5−1.5 m diameter drum which rotates at speeds between 5 and 20 RPM while the sludge continually passes through it.
The porous wall may be fabricated from a range of materials, including polymers, steel and ceramics. A spray system is used to clean the drum and prevent the pores blocking.
Rotary drum thickener, Andritz
RDTs can achieve solids concentrations up to 9% and corresponding solids recoveries of 90−99%, depending on the sludge source and the conditioning employed. Conditioning by polymer dosing is normally conducted in a mixing drum upstream of the RDT.
|Sludge source||Feed||Thickened||Water removed||Solids recovered|
|Mixed, primary + WAS||2−4||5−9||50||93−98|