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Convective dryers

Convective (or direct) dryers are the most commonly used type of dryer for removing moisture from sewage sludge using heat. The sludge particles are in direct contact with hot gas – air or steam – which provides the heat needed to evaporate the water. They can be configured as conveyer belts (belt dyers), fluidised beds, rotating drums, or flash (pneumatic) dryers. Belt, fluidised bed, rotating drum dryers are the most often used configurations in sewage sludge drying. Since these dryers demand a significant air volume, the air is often recirculated prior to venting to conserve energy.

Convective dryers related videos

Simulation of rotary dryer operation, Dynamis Source: Dynamis / YouTube

Simulation of rotary dryer operation, Dynamis

A simulation of rotary dryer operation, produced by Dynamis.

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Convective dryers features and blogs

PFAS molecule

How do you solve a problem like PFAS?

PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) are generated from the breakdown of fluorinated polymers. The activation barrier for their breakdown is huge and the only fully commercialised processes possibly capable of destroying PFAS are thermochemical ones.

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