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Composting

Composting is a type of aerobic digestion in which sewage sludge is combined with bulking agents such as wood chip, straw or green wastes prior to composting to provide a pasteurised product. The process is a largely static system which is aerated by natural diffusion and is therefore low in energy demand. However, composting is a lengthy process (~6 months) and so employs large land areas.

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Composting features and blogs

Schematic of intensification of AD by thermal hydrolysis, showing thickening, TH, AD and post-AD DW. Coversion of biogas be CHP engine included.
Blog

Pretty intense: the intensification of sewage sludge processes

Sludge intensification processes increase the sewage sludge solids concentration through thickening/dewatering or the biogas generation by digestion. But at what point do you stop extracting more water from the sludge or enhancing biogas production?

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More process and operation topics…